10 Oldest Cities In California


We scoured the internet to determine the towns and cities in California that have been around the longest.

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You might think your town is old, but it probably isn’t the oldest in the country.

That is unless you live in St. Augustine, FL. Which looks pretty good for being 454 years old.

That’s older than America for those playing at home.

So that got us thinking, what is the oldest city in California? And how old is that when you put it into perspective of St. Augustine or American Independence in 1776?

Because even if your California city or town is old, it isn’t really all that old in the grand scheme of things. For example, the Pyramids in Egypt were built around 2600 BC, a cool 4100 years before St. Augustine.

And now that we have you thinking about how the time line of your existence is really kind of unimpressive on the timeline of history, let’s drop right into the analysis.

These are the 10 oldest cities and towns in the Golden State according to their ‘date of foundation’:

  1. San Diego (Photos)
  2. Pomona (Photos)
  3. Marysville (Photos)
  4. Los Angeles (Photos)
  5. Benicia (Photos)
  6. Stockton (Photos)
  7. Santa Barbara (Photos)
  8. Eureka (Photos)
  9. San Jose (Photos)
  10. San Francisco (Photos)

For being 249 years old, San Diego doesn’t look a day over 40. And the newest city in California? That would be El Cerrito — a brand spanking 1 years old.

Read on for a look at the oldest places in California or feel free to check out the best places to live in California or the safest.

How We Determined When A City Was Founded In California… Or Is It Settled?

Surprisingly, there’s not a definitive data set that contains the dates of incorporation or settlement for cities in America. Put differently, there’s no official data set from the Census that contains when every place in America was founded.

So what did we do instead?

Use the internet’s version of official government data — Wikipedia of course!

For the majority of cities in California, Wikipedia offers data on some kind of ‘date of foundation’ in the infobox. Unfortunately, because it’s Wikipedia and not a sprawling government bureaucracy, that can take the form of any of the following nomenclature (plus others):

  • Founded
  • Settled
  • Incorporated
  • Approved
  • Chartered

And then even more stuff — for example Atlanta has a ‘Terminus’ date, whatever that is.

If no ‘date of foundation’ was found in the infobox, we looked to the general text in the History section of the city for ‘Founded in XXXX’.

All in all, we were able to collect data on 476 out of 634 in California with over 5,000 people. That’s good for a 75.1% completion rate.

We then ranked them from oldest to newest with San Diego turning out to be the matriarch of California at the ripe old age of 249.

Here’s a look at the top ten and a snippet of their history from Wikipedia.

1. San Diego

San Diego, California

Population: 1,390,966
Founded: 1769
Age: 249
The original inhabitants of the region are now known as the San Dieguito and La Jolla people. The area of San Diego has been inhabited by the Kumeyaay people.

The first European to visit the region was explorer Juan Rodríguez Cabrillo, sailing under the flag of Castile but possibly born in Portugal. Sailing his flagship San Salvador from Navidad, New Spain, Cabrillo claimed the bay for the Spanish Empire in 1542, and named the site ‘San Miguel’. In November 1602, Sebastián Vizcaíno was sent to map the California coast. Arriving on his flagship San Diego, Vizcaíno surveyed the harbor and what are now Mission Bay and Point Loma and named the area for the Catholic Saint Didacus, a Spaniard more commonly known as San Diego de Alcalá. On November 12, 1602, the first Christian religious service of record in Alta California was conducted by Friar Antonio de la Ascensión, a member of Vizcaíno’s expedition, to celebrate the feast day of San Diego.

2. Pomona

Pomona, California

Source: Public domain

Population: 152,366
Founded: 1830
Age: 188
The area was originally occupied by the Tongva or Gabrielino Native Americans.

The city is named for Pomona, the ancient Roman goddess of fruit. For Horticulturist Solomon Gates, ‘Pomona’ was the winning entry in a contest to name the city in 1875, before anyone had ever planted a fruit tree The city was first settled by Ricardo Vejar and Ygnacio Palomares in the 1830s, when California and much of the now-American Southwest were part of Mexico. The first Anglo-Americans arrived in prior to 1848 when the signing of the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo resulted in California becoming part of the United States. By the 1880s, the arrival of railroads and Coachella Valley water had made it the western anchor of the citrus-growing region. Pomona was officially incorporated on January 6, 1888.

3. Marysville

Marysville, California

Source: Public domain

Population: 12,225
Founded: 1843
Age: 175
In 1842, John Sutter leased part of his Rancho New Helvetia land to Theodore Cordua, a native of Mecklenburg in Prussia, who raised livestock, and in 1843 built a home and trading post he called New Mecklenburg. The trading post and home was situated at what would later become the southern end of ‘D’ Street, Marysville’s main street. In 1844, the Mexican government granted Cordua his own land grant, Rancho Honcut.

4. Los Angeles

Los Angeles, California

Population: 3,949,776
Founded: 1850
Age: 168
The Los Angeles coastal area was first settled by the Tongva (Gabrieleños) and Chumash Native American tribes thousands of years ago. A Gabrielino settlement in the area was called iyáang (written Yang-na by the Spanish), meaning ‘poison oak place.’

Juan Rodríguez Cabrillo, a Portuguese-born explorer, claimed the area of southern California for the Spanish Empire in 1542 while on an official military exploring expedition moving north along the Pacific coast from earlier colonizing bases of New Spain in Central and South America. Gaspar de Portolà and Franciscan missionary Juan Crespí, reached the present site of Los Angeles on August 2, 1769.

5. Benicia

Benicia, California

Source: Public domain

Population: 28,011
Founded: 1850
Age: 168
The City of Benicia was founded on May 19, 1847, by Dr. Robert Semple, Thomas O. Larkin, and Comandante General Mariano Guadalupe Vallejo, on land sold to them by General Vallejo in December 1846. It was named for the General’s wife, Francisca Benicia Carillo de Vallejo. The General intended that the city be named ‘Francisca’ after his wife, but this name was dropped when the former city of ‘Yerba Buena’ changed its name to ‘San Francisco’. So Sra. Vallejo’s second given name was used instead. In his memoirs, William Tecumseh Sherman contended that Benicia was ‘the best natural site for a commercial city’ in the region.

6. Stockton

Stockton, California

Source: Public domain

Population: 304,358
Founded: 1850
Age: 168
When Europeans first visited the Stockton area, the Yatchicumne, a branch of the Northern Valley Yokuts Indians, occupied the Stockton area. They built their villages on low mounds to keep their homes above regular floods. A Yokuts village named Pasasimas was located on a mound between Edison and Harrison Streets on what is now the Stockton Channel in downtown Stockton.

The Siskiyou Trail began in the northern San Joaquin Valley. It was a centuries-old Native American footpath that lead through the Sacramento Valley over the Cascades and into present-day Oregon.

7. Santa Barbara

Santa Barbara, California

Population: 91,443
Founded: 1850
Age: 168
Evidence of human habitation of the area begins at least 13,000 years ago. Evidence for a Paleoindian presence includes a fluted Clovis-like point found in the 1980s along the western Santa Barbara County coast, as well as the remains of Arlington Springs Man, found on Santa Rosa Island in the 1960s. An estimated 8,000 to 10,000 Chumash lived on the south coast of Santa Barbara County at the time of the first European explorations.[citation needed]

Five Chumash villages flourished in the area. The present-day area of Santa Barbara City College was the village of Mispu; the site of the El Baño pool (along west beach, was the village of Syukhtun, chief Yanonalit’s large village located between Bath and Chapala streets; Amolomol was at the mouth of Mission Creek; and Swetete, above the bird refuge.

8. Eureka

Eureka, California

Population: 27,024
Founded: 1850
Age: 168
Eureka’s Pacific coastal location on Humboldt Bay, adjacent to abundant redwood forests, provided the reason for settlement of this 19th-century seaport town. Before the arrival of Euro-American settlers, including farmers, miners, fishermen, and loggers, the area was occupied by indigenous peoples.

9. San Jose

San Jose, California

Population: 1,023,031
Founded: 1850
Age: 168
The Santa Clara Valley was home to the Tamyen group of the Ohlone people since around 4,000 BCE. The Tamyen spoke Tamyen language of the Ohlone language family. With the Spanish colonization of California, the majority of the Tamyen came to inhabit Mission Santa Clara de Asís and Mission San José.

California was claimed as part of the Spanish Empire in 1542, when explorer Juan Rodríguez Cabrillo charted the Californian coast. During this time, California and Baja California were administered together as Province of the California (Spanish: Provincia de las California). For nearly 200 years, the Californias were sparsely populated and largely ignored by the government of the Viceroyalty of New Spain in Mexico City. Only in 1769 was Northern California finally surveyed by Spanish authorities, with the Portolá Expedition.

10. San Francisco

San Francisco, California

Population: 864,263
Founded: 1850
Age: 168
First Mexican Empire 1821–1823

Oh How Time Flies For The Oldest Towns And Cities In California

So there you have it, a look at some of the oldest places to live in California. If we missed your city’s ‘date of foundation’, let us know in the comments. Or feel free to take a look at the table of the oldest places in California.

And now, let’s raise our glasses, to the next 100 years of existence for these cities and towns in the Golden State.

And for those wondering, here are the newest additions to California:

  1. El Cerrito (Founded in 2017)
  2. Davis (Founded in 2017)
  3. Culver City (Founded in 2017)
  • These Are The 10 Richest Cities In California
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  • These Are The 10 Best Places To Retire In California
  • Detailed List Of The Oldest Cities In California

    City Rank Age Year Founded
    San Diego 1 249 1769
    Pomona 2 188 1830
    Marysville 3 175 1843
    Los Angeles 4 168 1850
    Benicia 5 168 1850
    Stockton 6 168 1850
    Santa Barbara 7 168 1850
    Eureka 8 168 1850
    San Jose 9 168 1850
    San Francisco 10 168 1850
    Sacramento 11 168 1850
    Santa Clara 12 166 1852
    Oakland 13 166 1852
    Alameda 14 164 1854
    Crescent City 15 164 1854
    Placerville 16 164 1854
    San Luis Obispo 17 162 1856
    Waterford 18 161 1857
    Yreka 19 161 1857
    Arcata 20 160 1858
    Petaluma 21 160 1858
    San Buenaventura (Ventura) 22 152 1866
    Santa Cruz 23 152 1866
    Redwood City 24 151 1867
    Healdsburg 25 151 1867
    Colusa 26 150 1868
    Vallejo 27 150 1868
    Watsonville 28 150 1868
    Santa Rosa 29 150 1868
    Suisun City 30 150 1868
    National City 31 150 1868
    San Bernardino 32 149 1869
    Modesto 33 148 1870
    Gilroy 34 148 1870
    Woodland 35 147 1871
    Antioch 36 146 1872
    Chico 37 146 1872
    Hollister 38 146 1872
    Napa 39 146 1872
    Cloverdale 40 146 1872
    San Leandro 41 146 1872
    Bakersfield 42 145 1873
    Downey 43 145 1873
    Salinas 44 144 1874
    San Rafael 45 144 1874
    Visalia 46 144 1874
    Martinez 47 142 1876
    Red Bluff 48 142 1876
    Livermore 49 142 1876
    St. Helena 50 142 1876
    Hayward 51 142 1876
    Ukiah 52 142 1876
    Anaheim 53 142 1876
    Berkeley 54 140 1878
    Dixon 55 140 1878
    Sonoma 56 135 1883
    Riverside 57 135 1883
    Fresno 58 133 1885
    Willows 59 132 1886
    Pasadena 60 132 1886
    Santa Monica 61 132 1886
    Santa Ana 62 132 1886
    Calistoga 63 132 1886
    Colton 64 131 1887
    Imperial Beach 65 131 1887
    Burbank 66 131 1887
    Monrovia 67 131 1887
    Redding 68 131 1887
    Los Gatos 69 131 1887
    San Jacinto 70 130 1888
    Tulare 71 130 1888
    Redlands 72 130 1888
    Lake Elsinore 73 130 1888
    Lompoc 74 130 1888
    Compton 75 130 1888
    Auburn 76 130 1888
    Oceanside 77 130 1888
    Orange 78 130 1888
    South Pasadena 79 130 1888
    Escondido 80 130 1888
    Fort Bragg 81 129 1889
    Pacific Grove 82 129 1889
    Merced 83 129 1889
    Monterey 84 128 1890
    Lincoln 85 128 1890
    Coronado 86 128 1890
    Ontario 87 127 1891
    Hanford 88 127 1891
    Vacaville 89 126 1892
    Redondo Beach 90 126 1892
    Grass Valley 91 125 1893
    Selma 92 125 1893
    Sausalito 93 125 1893
    Rocklin 94 125 1893
    Rio Vista 95 124 1894
    Pleasanton 96 124 1894
    San Mateo 97 124 1894
    Corona 98 122 1896
    Emeryville 99 122 1896
    Long Beach 100 121 1897

    About Chris Kolmar

    Chris Kolmar has been in the real estate business for almost ten years now. He originally worked for Movoto Real Estate as the director of marketing before founding HomeSnacks.

    He believes the key to finding the right place to live comes down to looking at the data, reading about things to do, and, most importantly, checking it out yourself before you move.

    If you've been looking for a place to live in the past several years, you've probably stumbled upon his writing already.

    You can find out more about him on LinkedIn or his website.

    4 thoughts on “10 Oldest Cities In California

    1. Where are you getting your information? Fakes news dot com? San Jose was founded on November 29, 1777, as El Pueblo de San José de Guadalupe, the first civilian town in the Spanish colony of Nueva California, which later became Alta California.

    2. This info is seriously useless. You used “founded” for a few cities, then starting with Los Angeles went with their incorporation dates as United States cities. Pretty sure Los Angeles was incorporated as a Mexican city in 1700-something and then reincorporated as an American city after California came into the US in 1850. So yes, in Los Angeles case, reincorporated within months after. A few California cities up north got the incorporation documents to then-capitol Benicia and incorporated even sooner. The newest city in California is Jurupa Valley, where I live. It celebrates its seventh birthday tomorrow (Incorporated July 1, 2011) and for complicated reasons I’ll explain on request (to people with some intelligence) it probably will be the last city for a long time. The “new” cities you list were all incorporated much longer ago. El Cerrito in 1917.

    3. As others have said, stupidest list ever.

      All you have to do is follow the missions for the oldest cities in CA. My definition would be where the missions are that still have populations around them today, so San Diego, San Juan Capistrano, San Gabriel, San Fernando and so on. The Puebla of Los Angeles was founded 1781 so all your dates are way off.

      San Luis Rey was founded before SJC, but there is a settlement right around the mission, the population center is on the coast. There are several missions like that where the population moved away from the mission. The others, the population grew up around them with the mission being central to the development.

      You could hardly have “scoured” anything to come up with your list.

    4. They’re only counted as founded from the date when the American squatters showed up and claimed California for its own.

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